090692 constituency and Mr. Gideon Mung’aro, the former

090692

 

 MALINDI
CONSTITUENCY

 

 

 

 

Malindi District is a former administrative district in the coastal
province of Kenya .Its capital was the coastal town of Malindi.It merged into
Kilifi county in 2010,the district had a population of 544,303.Malindi town is
popularly being refered to as “Little Italy”.Italians have been present there and their numbers are
growing vastly and they own more than 2500 properties in terms of real estate
amd number of estimated Italian residents is about 3000 which is the largerst
European population compared to European populations anywhere in Kenya. he
Italian embassy is the only foreign mission with a resident consul in Malindi to
aid its population. In the preelections held in November 2007 for the Kenyan
general election, 2007 Mr. Amason Jeffah Kingi, an Advocate of the High Court, was elected as a Member of
Parliament for the Magarini Parliamentary constituency and Mr. Gideon Mung’aro, the former Mayor
of Malindi, was elected as a member of Parliament for the Malindi constituency.
Mr. Amason Kingi was consequently appointed to the cabinet where he currently serves as the Minister for East African
Community. Tourism is a major industry
while inland areas are rural.

BRIEF
HISTORY;

It was
human friendly ancient coastal town.Its original site  might 
have been Mambrui, north of the Sabaki river. Portuguese knew its as
Malinde, It is now the second largest city of the Coastal province after
Mombasa. Some say that the name is Swahili for Malindi, means large amounts of
wealth. Other claim Malindi means holes refers to the caves found along the
coast .The town was fondly called Malindi Mtama after the sorghum that was
produced in very large quantities. Malindi was 
an liberated Islamic town, it became an influence to the Portuguese in
the 16th century before being ruled by the Sultan of Oman and
Zanzibar and later in the 19th century,the british visitors came to
the town the Chinese explorer Cheng and Vasco Da Gama in 1400’s.The Vasco da Gama
Pilar and the Portuguese chapel are adequate evidence of the existence of the
Portuguese period.The town has gone through enough ups and downs in terms of
population from a small settlement to a modern city where Kiswahili and a
diversity of different languages are understood by the locals.

     Malindi’s 
a town consisting of different cultures the Asians, Europeans and
Africans culturally            diverse
population ,this has led to various economic activitiesfrom the Indian ocean
trade,fishing agriculture to the present day commerce and tourism. Malindi town
lies to the south of the equator.Her population comprises
Arabs,Giriama,Bajuni,Indians,Swahili and Europeans especially the Italians.

        

 

education

Malindi does not perform well in terms of education but it
has better performance as compared to earlier days.  Learners in malindi dropout of school in
spite of effort to stem the phenomenon and this affects the overall development
of the district.  Due to the
lure of money in the booming tourism industry, many children drop out of school
before the age of 12, to become, if lucky, hoteliers, tour guides, drivers or
casual laborers in the industry. But the majority of the uneducated youths end
up in the illegal sex and human trafficking business, many of them in the false
promise that one day they will strike it rich. Nationally, Malindi ranks
amongst the poorest performing regions academically. MEDA(MALINDI EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION) has since 1997,
worked to promote education in Malindi. They do this by providing scholarships
to students who wish to go to school but lack school fees, and also by
improving the standards of education and providing support for the training of
teachers. MEDA realized that for Malindi to succeed in the education front,
they needed to focus on education from the elementary level. MEDA has since
1997, worked to promote education in Malindi. They do this by providing
scholarships to students who wish to go to school but lack school fees, and
also by improving the standards of education and providing support for the
training of teachers. MEDA realized that for Malindi to succeed in the
education front, they needed to focus on education from the elementary level.

MEDA
thus saw the need to find a solution for this issue. When the Pamoja4Change
call for proposals was advertised , MEDA realized that this was the opportunity
they had been waiting for. A local resident had donated a prime beach front
plot to the public earlier to ensure that the locals accessed the beach given
that most of the beach land had been privatized. MEDA being the most respected
community organization, was given part of the land, and it is here that they
decided to set up the very first public playground for children.

In
addition to the land donation, MEDA was able to raise money for the playgroung
through the Pamoja4Change match fund while embarking on h local philanthropy
drive to raise money to establish the play ground.

One
Strategy that MEDA has used successfully to raise resources locally, is to
target the holy month of Ramadhan. MEDA has continue to organiz community
dinners over the years, bringing together prominent leaders of the community
and other faithful to fundraise for local development projects. This year, MEDA
identified the playground project as the lead project for the local fundraising
which was able to attract a total of Ksh. 4.1 Million from the community
members

The playground was opened and children from the larger Malindi
County continue to enjoy this facility.

HEALTHCARE;

 

Free maternal
healthcare service provision was perceived to boost skilled care utilisation
during pregnancy and delivery. However, challenges including; delays in the
reimbursement of funds by the government to the facilities, stock outs of
essential commodities in the facilities to facilitate service provision,
increased workload amidst staff shortage and lack of consultation and
sensitisation of key stakeholders were perceived as barriers to effective
implementation of this policy.

 

Malindi district, a
sub county within Kilifi County in the Coastal parts of Kenya. Malindi district
covers an area of 7750 km2 and has an estimated population
of 424,081people with nearly half (47 %) of the population being below the
age of fifteen years. The district is served by 37 government owned health
facilities. Thirty six (97 %) of these facilities are equipped to offer
Basic Emergency Obstetric Care which includes; antenatal care with early
detection and treatment of common problems of pregnancy, as well as first aid
for complications of pregnancy and labour. The other facility (Malindi district
hospital) is the only government owned facility in the district which is
equipped to offer Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care (CEOC) to include the
provision of BEOC, blood transfusions and caesarean sections . The current
Maternal Mortality Ratio in Malindi district (MMR) is at 428 per 100,000 live
births with an equally high fertility rate of 6.1 children per woman, higher
than the national fertility rate, of 4.6 children per woman.

Despite the positive outcomes of the policy significant
challenges and barriers in its implementation existed. These included;
uncompensated loss in fee revenue while patient volumes simultaneously
increased”, “inadequate human resources shortages of commodities, and
demotivation of health care providers”. For example, failure of the national
Government to reimburse the facilities promptly was reported to contribute to
shortage of drugs and supplies, which negatively affected the quality of care
provided. One service provider stated that they were at times forced to
improvise or ask the relatives to buy the necessary supplies in order to
facilitate service provision in public health care facilities.

The policy on free maternal health services in Kenya aims to
improve access to skilled care by all women, especially the disadvantaged rural
populations. Consistent with national and international literature, the current
study supports the notion that the elimination of user fee increases the uptake
of skilled care by the women and has the potential to improve maternal health
outcomes in Malindi district 25 if the
currently identified challenges are addressed. The findings from the current
study provide useful evidence for policy makers in gaining an understanding on
what works and what does not work for the program hence enabling them to
concentrate efforts to increase the delivery of what we know can be effective
in reducing poor maternal healthcare.

 

 

 

Tourism;

Being a beautiful and one of the oldest towns
in Kenya, Malindi’s tourism industry thrives. The town is full of nice crisp
sandy beaches and perfect weather all year round.The small town of Malindi is
at the centre of a strip of idyllic tropical beaches offering the visitor with
a range of world class resorts and quiet relaxing hideaways.Futher south,the
sleepy village of Watamu is fronted by wide white beaches.This tranquil is home
to several well established resorts and many private guest house scattered
through the forest along the deserted shore.Their is also a marine park at
Watamu,an ideal day trip for for divers.North West malindi is the spectacular
Marafa Depression ,locally known as Nyari .An extensive series of sandstone
gorges and sheer gullies,this unique landscape has become part of local
folklore.Arabuko sokoke thick jungles hide the world of wonders.The forest
habours  rare endemic birds and mammals
and visiting herds of elephants. The forest also holds the lost town of
Gedi, a desserted town whose winding passages and crumbling wals tell of a
mysterious past.

 

 Malindi is famed for coral reefs that lie
just 1,000 feet off its shore, best seen at Malindi National Marine Park or
nearby Watamu. Game fishing, surfing and simply relaxing on the beach are
popular local pastimes. The narrow streets and market of Malindi’s old town are
worth a visit.

 

However Malindi has been vastly affected by the
October election 2017.Tourism in Malindi has hit its lowest point due to political
wrangles that characterised Kenya’s repeat presidential election.In Malindi,
hotels have been hit by an international tourist drought. The top seat wrangles
have adversely affected the industry..Although some chartered airlines from
Italy resumed flights to Mombasa some months ago, only a few tourists actually
visited Malindi

Job losses

Kenya Union of
Domestic, Hotels, Educational Institutions and Allied Workers (KUDHEIHA)  warned that thousands of jobs might be lost if
the sector does not improve. “At the moment, most hotels in Malindi are scaling
down operations. Our fears are that thousands of workers will be sent home if
the situation will not improve,” he said.Sai Rock Hotel Group general manager,
Robert Kiri, said the facility in Malindi had 10 per cent occupancy. Hotels  have less international guests as they have
kept off due to the political uncertainty.

 

 

AGRICULTURE;

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INFRASTRUCTURE;

 

 

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