ABSTRACT and sieve and it also helps in

ABSTRACT

Sand largely or majorly affects drilling mud. Therefore,
knowledge of sand content is very important and critical in Petroleum
Engineering. This is necessary because when sand is not properly evaluated in a
drilling mud sample it can lead to unending damages both to the mud and the
formation as well. Major areas usually affected during drilling due to
percentage composition of sand in the sample are: deposition of deep filter
cakes and damage to drilling equipment leading to excessive corrosion, etc.

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TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT ———————————————————————————————————–2

INTRODUCTION
—————————————————————————————————–4

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS
————————————————————————————-5

SAMPLE USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT
————————————————————————-6

PROCEDURES
——————————————————————————————————–7

RESULT
—————————————————————————————————————-8

CONCLUSION ——————————————————————————————————–9

REFERENCE
———————————————————————————————————-10

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The basic aim of the experiment is to determine the
percentage composition of sand in a sample of drilling fluid. For this
experiment the instrument used is called the Sand Content Kit, which contains
the measuring tube, wash bottle, combined funnel with screen mesh. The three
basic samples used are Water, Sand and Bentonite. They are mixed together and
using the sand content kit the percentage composition of sand is determined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

1.  
The
Sand Content Kit. It contains the following:

a.  
Measuring
tube: This has two levels, which is the mud level and water level. Used for
measuring mud and water

b.  
Combined
funnel with screen mesh: this is used to conduct already mixed drilling fluid

c.   
Mesh:
it prevents any sand that can cause damage from entering into the tube

d.  
Wash
bottle: this is used to add water to the measuring tube and sieve and it also helps in washing the sand
content left in the measuring tube.

2.  
Electric
Mixer

3.  
Beaker

4.  
Spatula

5.  
Weighing
Cylinder

6.  
Measuring
Cylinder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLES USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT

35g of bentonite

350ml of water

10g of Barite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEDURES

1.  
I
measured 400ml of water in the measuring cylinder.

2.  
I
added 25g of bentonite and 10 g of sand into the mixing cup alongside my
measured water.

3.  
I
mixed them with the electric mixer until I had smooth mud.

4.  
I
poured the mixture into the measuring tube until it reached the mud mark.

5.  
Using
the wash bottle, I filled the remaining space with water to the watermark.

6.  
I
shook both vigorously until everything is mixed together.

7.  
I
poured the mixture into the sieve and discarded the filtrate.

8.  
Using
the wash bottle, I rinsed the measuring tube until it was clean.

9.  
After
filtering the mud, I inverted the screen with a funnel at the bottom.

10.                
Then
I washed the sand back into the measuring tube. 

11.                
I
allowed the particles to settle before taking my reading.

During the experiment I ensured the
following precautions:

a.   I avoided error due to parallax while
taking readings from the measuring tube and cylinder.

b.   I ensured not to spill the mixed sample
to enable me get accurate measurement.

c.    I ensured the sand particles settled
before taking my percentage composition of sand.

After the
entire experiment I cleaned my work space to ensure laboratory cleanliness.

RESULT

% COMPOSITION OF SAND IN SAMPLE

0.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the sand content of any drilling fluid should always
be checked at intervals during drilling operation. The sand content should be
preferably low so as not to cause much damage to the drilling equipment and the
drilled formation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE

PET 315 NOTES BY DR. ENGR. E.E.OKORO

Mud Laboratory Manual, Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Covenant University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ABSTRACT

Sand largely or majorly affects drilling mud. Therefore,
knowledge of sand content is very important and critical in Petroleum
Engineering. This is necessary because when sand is not properly evaluated in a
drilling mud sample it can lead to unending damages both to the mud and the
formation as well. Major areas usually affected during drilling due to
percentage composition of sand in the sample are: deposition of deep filter
cakes and damage to drilling equipment leading to excessive corrosion, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT ———————————————————————————————————–2

INTRODUCTION
—————————————————————————————————–4

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS
————————————————————————————-5

SAMPLE USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT
————————————————————————-6

PROCEDURES
——————————————————————————————————–7

RESULT
—————————————————————————————————————-8

CONCLUSION ——————————————————————————————————–9

REFERENCE
———————————————————————————————————-10

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The basic aim of the experiment is to determine the
percentage composition of sand in a sample of drilling fluid. For this
experiment the instrument used is called the Sand Content Kit, which contains
the measuring tube, wash bottle, combined funnel with screen mesh. The three
basic samples used are Water, Sand and Bentonite. They are mixed together and
using the sand content kit the percentage composition of sand is determined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

1.  
The
Sand Content Kit. It contains the following:

a.  
Measuring
tube: This has two levels, which is the mud level and water level. Used for
measuring mud and water

b.  
Combined
funnel with screen mesh: this is used to conduct already mixed drilling fluid

c.   
Mesh:
it prevents any sand that can cause damage from entering into the tube

d.  
Wash
bottle: this is used to add water to the measuring tube and sieve and it also helps in washing the sand
content left in the measuring tube.

2.  
Electric
Mixer

3.  
Beaker

4.  
Spatula

5.  
Weighing
Cylinder

6.  
Measuring
Cylinder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLES USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT

35g of bentonite

350ml of water

10g of Barite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEDURES

1.  
I
measured 400ml of water in the measuring cylinder.

2.  
I
added 25g of bentonite and 10 g of sand into the mixing cup alongside my
measured water.

3.  
I
mixed them with the electric mixer until I had smooth mud.

4.  
I
poured the mixture into the measuring tube until it reached the mud mark.

5.  
Using
the wash bottle, I filled the remaining space with water to the watermark.

6.  
I
shook both vigorously until everything is mixed together.

7.  
I
poured the mixture into the sieve and discarded the filtrate.

8.  
Using
the wash bottle, I rinsed the measuring tube until it was clean.

9.  
After
filtering the mud, I inverted the screen with a funnel at the bottom.

10.                
Then
I washed the sand back into the measuring tube. 

11.                
I
allowed the particles to settle before taking my reading.

During the experiment I ensured the
following precautions:

a.   I avoided error due to parallax while
taking readings from the measuring tube and cylinder.

b.   I ensured not to spill the mixed sample
to enable me get accurate measurement.

c.    I ensured the sand particles settled
before taking my percentage composition of sand.

After the
entire experiment I cleaned my work space to ensure laboratory cleanliness.

RESULT

% COMPOSITION OF SAND IN SAMPLE

0.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the sand content of any drilling fluid should always
be checked at intervals during drilling operation. The sand content should be
preferably low so as not to cause much damage to the drilling equipment and the
drilled formation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE

PET 315 NOTES BY DR. ENGR. E.E.OKORO

Mud Laboratory Manual, Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Covenant University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ABSTRACT

Sand largely or majorly affects drilling mud. Therefore,
knowledge of sand content is very important and critical in Petroleum
Engineering. This is necessary because when sand is not properly evaluated in a
drilling mud sample it can lead to unending damages both to the mud and the
formation as well. Major areas usually affected during drilling due to
percentage composition of sand in the sample are: deposition of deep filter
cakes and damage to drilling equipment leading to excessive corrosion, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT ———————————————————————————————————–2

INTRODUCTION
—————————————————————————————————–4

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS
————————————————————————————-5

SAMPLE USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT
————————————————————————-6

PROCEDURES
——————————————————————————————————–7

RESULT
—————————————————————————————————————-8

CONCLUSION ——————————————————————————————————–9

REFERENCE
———————————————————————————————————-10

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The basic aim of the experiment is to determine the
percentage composition of sand in a sample of drilling fluid. For this
experiment the instrument used is called the Sand Content Kit, which contains
the measuring tube, wash bottle, combined funnel with screen mesh. The three
basic samples used are Water, Sand and Bentonite. They are mixed together and
using the sand content kit the percentage composition of sand is determined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

1.  
The
Sand Content Kit. It contains the following:

a.  
Measuring
tube: This has two levels, which is the mud level and water level. Used for
measuring mud and water

b.  
Combined
funnel with screen mesh: this is used to conduct already mixed drilling fluid

c.   
Mesh:
it prevents any sand that can cause damage from entering into the tube

d.  
Wash
bottle: this is used to add water to the measuring tube and sieve and it also helps in washing the sand
content left in the measuring tube.

2.  
Electric
Mixer

3.  
Beaker

4.  
Spatula

5.  
Weighing
Cylinder

6.  
Measuring
Cylinder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLES USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT

35g of bentonite

350ml of water

10g of Barite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEDURES

1.  
I
measured 400ml of water in the measuring cylinder.

2.  
I
added 25g of bentonite and 10 g of sand into the mixing cup alongside my
measured water.

3.  
I
mixed them with the electric mixer until I had smooth mud.

4.  
I
poured the mixture into the measuring tube until it reached the mud mark.

5.  
Using
the wash bottle, I filled the remaining space with water to the watermark.

6.  
I
shook both vigorously until everything is mixed together.

7.  
I
poured the mixture into the sieve and discarded the filtrate.

8.  
Using
the wash bottle, I rinsed the measuring tube until it was clean.

9.  
After
filtering the mud, I inverted the screen with a funnel at the bottom.

10.                
Then
I washed the sand back into the measuring tube. 

11.                
I
allowed the particles to settle before taking my reading.

During the experiment I ensured the
following precautions:

a.   I avoided error due to parallax while
taking readings from the measuring tube and cylinder.

b.   I ensured not to spill the mixed sample
to enable me get accurate measurement.

c.    I ensured the sand particles settled
before taking my percentage composition of sand.

After the
entire experiment I cleaned my work space to ensure laboratory cleanliness.

RESULT

% COMPOSITION OF SAND IN SAMPLE

0.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the sand content of any drilling fluid should always
be checked at intervals during drilling operation. The sand content should be
preferably low so as not to cause much damage to the drilling equipment and the
drilled formation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE

PET 315 NOTES BY DR. ENGR. E.E.OKORO

Mud Laboratory Manual, Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Covenant University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ABSTRACT

Sand largely or majorly affects drilling mud. Therefore,
knowledge of sand content is very important and critical in Petroleum
Engineering. This is necessary because when sand is not properly evaluated in a
drilling mud sample it can lead to unending damages both to the mud and the
formation as well. Major areas usually affected during drilling due to
percentage composition of sand in the sample are: deposition of deep filter
cakes and damage to drilling equipment leading to excessive corrosion, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

ABSTRACT ———————————————————————————————————–2

INTRODUCTION
—————————————————————————————————–4

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS
————————————————————————————-5

SAMPLE USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT
————————————————————————-6

PROCEDURES
——————————————————————————————————–7

RESULT
—————————————————————————————————————-8

CONCLUSION ——————————————————————————————————–9

REFERENCE
———————————————————————————————————-10

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The basic aim of the experiment is to determine the
percentage composition of sand in a sample of drilling fluid. For this
experiment the instrument used is called the Sand Content Kit, which contains
the measuring tube, wash bottle, combined funnel with screen mesh. The three
basic samples used are Water, Sand and Bentonite. They are mixed together and
using the sand content kit the percentage composition of sand is determined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS

1.  
The
Sand Content Kit. It contains the following:

a.  
Measuring
tube: This has two levels, which is the mud level and water level. Used for
measuring mud and water

b.  
Combined
funnel with screen mesh: this is used to conduct already mixed drilling fluid

c.   
Mesh:
it prevents any sand that can cause damage from entering into the tube

d.  
Wash
bottle: this is used to add water to the measuring tube and sieve and it also helps in washing the sand
content left in the measuring tube.

2.  
Electric
Mixer

3.  
Beaker

4.  
Spatula

5.  
Weighing
Cylinder

6.  
Measuring
Cylinder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAMPLES USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT

35g of bentonite

350ml of water

10g of Barite

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROCEDURES

1.  
I
measured 400ml of water in the measuring cylinder.

2.  
I
added 25g of bentonite and 10 g of sand into the mixing cup alongside my
measured water.

3.  
I
mixed them with the electric mixer until I had smooth mud.

4.  
I
poured the mixture into the measuring tube until it reached the mud mark.

5.  
Using
the wash bottle, I filled the remaining space with water to the watermark.

6.  
I
shook both vigorously until everything is mixed together.

7.  
I
poured the mixture into the sieve and discarded the filtrate.

8.  
Using
the wash bottle, I rinsed the measuring tube until it was clean.

9.  
After
filtering the mud, I inverted the screen with a funnel at the bottom.

10.                
Then
I washed the sand back into the measuring tube. 

11.                
I
allowed the particles to settle before taking my reading.

During the experiment I ensured the
following precautions:

a.   I avoided error due to parallax while
taking readings from the measuring tube and cylinder.

b.   I ensured not to spill the mixed sample
to enable me get accurate measurement.

c.    I ensured the sand particles settled
before taking my percentage composition of sand.

After the
entire experiment I cleaned my work space to ensure laboratory cleanliness.

RESULT

% COMPOSITION OF SAND IN SAMPLE

0.8%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion, the sand content of any drilling fluid should always
be checked at intervals during drilling operation. The sand content should be
preferably low so as not to cause much damage to the drilling equipment and the
drilled formation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCE

PET 315 NOTES BY DR. ENGR. E.E.OKORO

Mud Laboratory Manual, Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Covenant University.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACTSand largely or majorly affects drilling mud. Therefore,
knowledge of sand content is very important and critical in Petroleum
Engineering. This is necessary because when sand is not properly evaluated in a
drilling mud sample it can lead to unending damages both to the mud and the
formation as well. Major areas usually affected during drilling due to
percentage composition of sand in the sample are: deposition of deep filter
cakes and damage to drilling equipment leading to excessive corrosion, etc.                     TABLE OF CONTENTABSTRACT ———————————————————————————————————–2INTRODUCTION
—————————————————————————————————–4EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS
————————————————————————————-5SAMPLE USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT
————————————————————————-6PROCEDURES
——————————————————————————————————–7RESULT
—————————————————————————————————————-8CONCLUSION ——————————————————————————————————–9REFERENCE
———————————————————————————————————-10 

 INTRODUCTIONThe basic aim of the experiment is to determine the
percentage composition of sand in a sample of drilling fluid. For this
experiment the instrument used is called the Sand Content Kit, which contains
the measuring tube, wash bottle, combined funnel with screen mesh. The three
basic samples used are Water, Sand and Bentonite. They are mixed together and
using the sand content kit the percentage composition of sand is determined.                    EXPERIMENTAL APPARATUS1.  
The
Sand Content Kit. It contains the following:a.  
Measuring
tube: This has two levels, which is the mud level and water level. Used for
measuring mud and waterb.  
Combined
funnel with screen mesh: this is used to conduct already mixed drilling fluid c.   
Mesh:
it prevents any sand that can cause damage from entering into the tube d.  
Wash
bottle: this is used to add water to the measuring tube and sieve and it also helps in washing the sand
content left in the measuring tube.2.  
Electric
Mixer3.  
Beaker4.  
Spatula5.  
Weighing
Cylinder6.  
Measuring
Cylinder           SAMPLES USED FOR THE EXPERIMENT35g of bentonite350ml of water10g of Barite                       PROCEDURES1.  
I
measured 400ml of water in the measuring cylinder.2.  
I
added 25g of bentonite and 10 g of sand into the mixing cup alongside my
measured water.3.  
I
mixed them with the electric mixer until I had smooth mud.4.  
I
poured the mixture into the measuring tube until it reached the mud mark.5.  
Using
the wash bottle, I filled the remaining space with water to the watermark. 6.  
I
shook both vigorously until everything is mixed together.7.  
I
poured the mixture into the sieve and discarded the filtrate.8.  
Using
the wash bottle, I rinsed the measuring tube until it was clean.9.  
After
filtering the mud, I inverted the screen with a funnel at the bottom.10.                
Then
I washed the sand back into the measuring tube. 
11.                
I
allowed the particles to settle before taking my reading.During the experiment I ensured the
following precautions:a.   I avoided error due to parallax while
taking readings from the measuring tube and cylinder.b.   I ensured not to spill the mixed sample
to enable me get accurate measurement.c.    I ensured the sand particles settled
before taking my percentage composition of sand.After the
entire experiment I cleaned my work space to ensure laboratory cleanliness.RESULT

% COMPOSITION OF SAND IN SAMPLE

0.8%

                           CONCLUSIONIn conclusion, the sand content of any drilling fluid should always
be checked at intervals during drilling operation. The sand content should be
preferably low so as not to cause much damage to the drilling equipment and the
drilled formation.                     REFERENCEPET 315 NOTES BY DR. ENGR. E.E.OKOROMud Laboratory Manual, Department of Petroleum Engineering,
Covenant University.               

 

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