ABSTRACT the recruitment and selection, approaches of the

ABSTRACT

            The human resource management is
very essential in relation to provide the good working to the employees.
Without their presence the firm is not able to cope with the oppression of the
business. The present assignment will cover the following activities like  human resource approach, recommendation in
relation to the recruitment and selection, approaches of the Human resource
development and the various theories of the motivation. The main aim behind
this report is to managing the success of the firm by dealing with the various
kind of the key function of the business enterprise.

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INTRODUCTION

            The
human resource management is the essential part of the firm they need to
conduct the each business activities in the appropriate manner. With the help
of their effective working the firm is able to manage the overall working (Riccucci,  2017). With the help
of this the section, recruitment activities can be taken in the effective
manner. This kind of activities will be helpful in relation to running the
operation of the business in the smooth manner. With the help of managing the
human capital of the firm the all employee can able to make effective
contribution. Leadership is the person who lead the firm and manage the overall
working with the help of this kind of the person the firm is bale to maintain
the brand image.

            The
present report is focusing over the Nando’s company which is working as the
casual dining restaurant chain in the south Africa. In order to make this
practices more effective this firm is focussing over the casual dining
restaurant in this manner they are taking various initiatives in relation to
improve the activities of Human resource and leadership (Hmieleski, Carr and
Baron, 2015).  In
this present assignment the various activities are need to be included such are
as key function of the human resource approach, recommendation in relation to
the recruitment and selection, approaches of the Human resource development and
the various theories of the motivation. This all function will be helpful in
managing the overall success of the firm. The main object of this assignment is
to managing success by dealing with this function so that firm is able to
enhance they profitability and productivity.

Define the various
relevant models, analysis and approaches to the company to manage human
resource management.

            The
company need to manage the human resource activities in the effective manner so
that each work can be conducted in the expertise way. With the help of the HR
model the strategic goal of the firm can be identified. This kind of the
activities create the gap between the HR strategy and other are as of HR
management. According to the view of Armstrong and Taylor, (2014)   has been said that the work
of the human resource manager can be improve if they all work with the help of
framing the strategic management of the person so that organization is able to
cover the various thing in the specialized manner. The human resource management
model is very helpful in relation to have development in the people of the
organization and various resources available to them. The human resource
management. In this manner the various kind of the models are given such are
as-

The matching model- This is the very
first model, this kind of the activities giving the major focus on the function
and inter-relatedness. In this there are various things such are as
development, selection, appraisal and rewards. 
With the help of this kind of the contribution the firm is able to
enhancing their effectiveness. According to the view of  Bird and Schjoedt, (2017)   has been said that the each
activity of the firm is need to be taken in relation to achieve the desire goal
of the firm. With the help of this they are able to give the major focus over
the quality of the work to the management. As per the view of Maynard and et.al.,
(2017)    has
been said that this model is virtually affected by the environmental factors.
In this it can be true to said that they give their major focus over the all
the function of the HRM and they used to ignore the all environmental emergency
factors which can terribly affect the working of the HR functions.

Harvard model- The process of this model
is little comprehensive and it is consists of the six critical components of
human resource management.  In this the
various kind of the dimension are need to be given such are as stakeholders,
situational factors, HRM policy choices and long term consequences. IN this
model there are two kinds of the characteristics are given such are as-

1.      Lin manager is working very hard in relation to get the more
responsibility in order to know about the competitive strategy and personal
polices.

2.      Personnel has the mission of setting the various kind of the policies
and govern that how several kinds of the activities are to be developed and
implemented.

As per the view of Bird and Schjoedt,
(2017)   has been
said that with the help of this kind of the work the working of the
organization can be developed by undertaking various strategies so that there
can e enhancement in the productivity and profitability of the firm. This kind
of framework is inclusive of various outline such are as-

Employee influence- they work with the
help of delegation level of the authority and power of the responsibility.

Human resource flows- This kind of the
activities is inclusive of the various kind of the factor such are as
selection, promotion, recruitment and termination etc.

Reward system- this function will able to
enhance the motivation system of the person so that they can work in more
effective and active manner.

Work system- in this manner there can be
effective design of the work and alignment of the people so that desire
objective of the organization can be achieved.

The main aim of this report is to work
effectively in the firm like Nando’s so that various kind of the customer can
get attracted towards the working of the enterprise. They used to gibe their
major focus on the Four C’s are as-

·        
Competence

·        
Commitment.

·        
Cost effectiveness

·        
Congruence

The guest Model-  This is very effective model and it is
Superior among all of them. This kind of the model claims that the human
resource manager need to work with the specific strategy. With the help of this
various kind of the outcome received by the firm are as performance leaders,
behavioural and financial awards. This kind of the model used to give the major
focus over the behavioural outcomes, result of the performance and financial
result of the firm so that growth of the firm can be measured and effective
decision in this relation can be taken. According to the view of  Bird and Schjoedt, (2017)  has been said this model is
major focus over the achievement of the performance of the each employees so
that growth of the company can be enlarge and they can able top earn more
amount of the productivity. As per the view of Adjibolosoo, (2018)    has been stated that the guest model is
very effective in relation to finding out the overall complexity of the firm
and it provides the various measures in order to get improve this.

The Warwick model- This model has been
designed in order to design the strategic framework of the company so that each
activity can be work in the effective and efficient manner. This is consisting
of the two things such are as internal as well external factor. The main strong
factor of this model is that it is very helpful in relation to identify the
environmental influences. This is very helpful in order to set out the map
connection between the environment and external factors which is taking steps
in order to exploring the various change in the human resource manger.
According to the view of Armstrong and Taylor, (2014)    has been said that this
kind of the model is very helpful in relation to find out the gap between
various kind of the measurement. This will help to assist the development in
the organization so that person can able to perform in the organization in well
effective manner. This kind of the process will be helpful in order to have
enlargement in all the activities so that firm is able to achieve desire goal
of the enterprise. This kind of the activity will be helpful in relation to
have maximisation in the profitability and productivity of the firm can be
maximized.

Critical analysis on the
recruitment and selection procedure in the human resource management practice.

            This
is very effective step in this the each thing is need to be done in the
effective and efficient manner. With the help of the firm is able to hire the
skilled employee. In this manner it can be said that human resource manage rare
the person who are responsible to conduct the selection of the employees (Hmieleski, Carr and
Baron, 2015). In this manner the firm need to provide
effective training to the employees. 
This kind of the activities will be helpful in relation to select the
best candidate among the variable.

This can be true to said the section
procedure start with the preliminary test and after that the application form
is need to be filled by the applicant. With the help of the various kind of the
internal and external forces the selection procedure of the firm is need to be
taken (Miller, Xu and Mehrotra, 2015). This firm is
distributing its services as the food and beverages so they need to give major
consideration on the person who are able to give the final decision and the
employees are need to make the good communication among the employees so that
each activity can be taken in the effective and efficient manner. The following
steps are included in relation to make the effective selection procedure such
are as-

            Initial
screening- this is the initial steps, this is need to be taken in order to
conduct the each activity in the effective manner.  In this the unqualified employees drop out at
their first level only (Frederiksen and Kato, 2017). At this level the
applicant will be asked the differed questions. With the help of this kind of
the activities there can be reduction in the number of the applicants in the
process of selection. This step is very helpful in relation to eliminate the
various number of the person in the expertise way. 

            Application
blank- The selected candidate need to fill the
application form. The information in the application form is differed and it is
dependent on the type of the organisation they re working for. The historical
data of the candidate is need to be quickly collected. This all kind of the
things will be helpful in relation to make the authentic source of the
selection procedure. As per the view of  Greer, Lusch, and
Hitt, (2017)   it
has been stated that verification is need to be carried in the authentic manner
so that firm can have the skilled person who is able to manage the all working
in the effective and efficient manner.

            Pre
employment test- in this the various kind of the
ability of the person is need to be judged such are as mental and physical
ability, skills, personal characteristics and various kind of the other aspect
which can be measure effective in relation to find out the effectiveness of the
person in the expertise manner. This kind of the activity will be helpful in
relation to measure the behaviour of the human. According to the view of Kadir and et.al.,
(2018)  has been
said that the beneficial fact about this step is that there is need to get
ensure the potential quality of the person.

            Job
interviews- After this three step the selected candidate will be called for
the interview . This will helpful in relation to get the skilled employees so
that with the help of this the firm is able to achieve the desired result (Sundaramurthy,
Pukthuanthong and Kor, 2014). This kind of the activity
will be helpful in relation to take the effective steps. The profile of the job
is need to be made on the basis of job description.

            Background
checks- this step is need to be taken after verifying the all authentic
identity of the person.  At this stage
the various activities are need to be verified such are as legal status,
criminal records, legal status and various other thing is need to be verified
so that person can able to perform its activities in the effective and
efficient manner.  In this the level of
the responsibility is need to be given after having identification of the
investigation of the background of the person (Sundaramurthy, Pukthuanthong and Kor, 2014). In this the validity and accuracy of the person is need to be
identified so that effective steps can be taken in this relation.

            Conditional
job offer- after getting the all steps done this is the very crucial step
of the selection process. In this step the important decision is need to be
taken in order to hire the skilled person. In this step the requirement is need
to be met so that effective person can be selected. At this level the medical
exam of the person is need to be concluded.

            Medical
exam- this is the last step of the section procedure in this the physical
verification of the person will be conducted in order to find out his health
status. If he is able to select this final step that he will be selected to
give the job (Popescu, Com?nescu and Sabie, 2016). This test
is conducted in order to find out the stability of the person in firm.

Discussion on the
various approaches of the HRD and the measure to get overcome from it.

            This
is the systematic and planned activities and it is designed to meet the skill
of the person in relation to the present and future job. This kind of the
process will be helpful in relation to develop the overall working of the firm.
The human resource development is the activity which is able meet out the skill
and knowledge of the person so that each activity can be conduct in the
effective manner (Popescu, Com?nescu and Sabie, 2016). This is inclusive of the various kind of the opportunities are
as  career development, performance
management, coaching, mentoring and other many. The main aim in this relation
is to develop the superior workforce so that business can able to enhancing the
brand image by targeting the persona and firm (Miller, Xu and Mehrotra, 2015). This all activities is conduct in order to achieve the various
process such are as-

·        
The effective step in relation
to changing environment.

·        
To have improvement in the
interpersonal skill of the person.

·        
With the help of this the firm
will be able to achieve the productivity and profitability of the enterprise.

There are the various approaches are
given in relation to make the HRD approach effective aere as-

Unitarian approach- This approach play the vital role in the lives of the human
resource development of the organization. As the approach focuses on the
informal and formal relation as well. With the help of this the human resource
manager focuses on dividing work among employees according to their interest (Jiang, Chuang and
Chiao,  2015).
This kind of the activity will be helpful in relation to enhance the
profitability and productivity of the entity. This kind of the model used to
give the major focus over the behavioural outcomes, result of the performance
and financial result of the firm so that growth of the firm can be measured and
effective decision in this relation can be taken. According to  Greer, Lusch, and Hitt, (2017) this the relationship among the employees in the firm are
improvising. They are giving the major focus over the working of the firm so
that each activities can be run without any dispute over the parties.

Strategic framework approach- This approach is mainly focusing over the strategies of the firm,
organizational capabilities and practices of HRD so that each thing can run in
the effective manner. The Nando is casual dining restaurant In this manner to
gain the more amount of the profitability he need to provide good services to
the customer so that brand image of the firm can enhanced and large amount of
profitability can be maximized. According to the  Bird and Schjoedt, (2017)    has been said that the
main object of behind taking this kind of the activities is that to build
critical capabilities of the firm and smooth working in the business enterprise
will be helpful in relation to achieve the desire goal of the firm. As per the
view of Radaelli, (2018)   has said that the person is able to earn
large amount of profitability by giving major consideration to the various
strategies of the firm. With the help of this it is essential to provide the
good working opportunities. With the help of this kind of the framework the
firm can have the particular tools and path so that enough identification can
be made which will be helpful in order to practising the human resource
approach in the good manner.

Integrative framework approach- in this kind of the framework all activities are interrelated to
each other. The relation between the employers and employees need to be
effective so that they are able to make the good interaction. In this the three
path are has been identified which is very essential to have large amount of
the contribution in the performance of business, This are as-

·        
Building organizational
capabilities.

·        
To get improve the satisfaction
of the employees.

·        
Shaping the customer so that
firm can able to have long-term sustainability.

As per the view of Greer, Lusch, and
Hitt, (2017)  
has been said that this kind of the approach has been made to give the
major focus over the entire development of the human resource system taking in
the account the various kind of the synergies which is need to be exist among
the development practices of the human resource. According to Bird and Schjoedt,
(2017)    has
been said that this is working in manner to negotiating the decision in order
to conceptualize the various kind of the action and contingencies so that
possible outcome can be achieved. With the help of this they are making the
collaborative participation in each kind of the activities. As per the view
of  Maynard and et.al., (2017)  has been said that they need
to develop the priorities in the human resource programmers in the primary
manner on the basis sof the expected productive return. With the help of this
kind of the activity the maximum profitability and productivity of the firm can
be maximized.

Human capital approach- This is one of the most effectuate approach they need to undertake
the organization activities in the expertise manner so that desire objective of
the firm can be full filled. According to the Greer, Lusch, and Hitt, (2017)    there are five stages are
given in order to manage the overall working of the human capital are as-

·        
Classification stage

·        
Assessment stage

·        
Design stage

·        
Implementation stage

·        
Monitoring stage.

In this there are five areas of the good
human resources capital management re also been provided in the following
manner are as-

·        
Recruitment

·        
Rewarding and performance
management

·        
Development in the career,
training and succession planning.

·        
Retention and retirement so
that each work can be conducted in the good manner.

·        
Stricture of the organization
and human capital enablers.

As per the view of Armstrong and Taylor,
(2014)   has been
said that the areas and stages of the human resource management are given in
order to get ensure the each area is able to get fit in the particular
strategies. This kind of the working will be helpful in relation to have smooth
working in the business Enterprise.

Critical evaluation
on the Theories of the motivation.

            With
the help of the motivation theory the firm is able to motivating the employees.
In this various theories are given with the help of this the person is able to
work in the proper guideline manner. In this various kind of the theories are
given such are as-

            Maslow’s
theory- This theory is relates to the full filling the basic need of the
person. In this various things are included such are as self actualization,
esteem need, belonging, safety and physiological (Uhl-Bien and Arena,
2018). With the help of this theory it can determine
that every person is having his own need and it is need to be full filled this
kind of the approach is able to feel motivated. With the help of this the organization
is able to run the activities in the effective and efficient manner.

            Herzberg’s
Tow factor theory- with the help of this there can be identification of the
factor that which kind of the thing can motivate the person in the large manner.
In this various kind of the thing can be taken such are as power to take the
decision, identification of the essential things (Popescu, Com?nescu
and Sabie, 2016). With the help of this the firm is
able to enhance the profitability and productivity. In this the second factor
is to be taken as the Hygiene factor which is helpful in relation to resolving
the issues like payment of bonus etc.

            Vroom
expectancy theory- This kind of the theory will be helpful in relation to work
in the manner which will be helpful in order to accomplish the desire
profitability of firm. With the help of the resources the performance and
profitability of the firm can be measured.

Define the feature of
the effective leader.

            The
leader is the person who is responsible to manage the overall working of the
firm in the expertise manner. There are the various kinds of the activities
which is need to be analyzed by knowing the effectiveness of the leaders with
the help of the relevant model (Miller, Xu and Mehrotra, 2015). This all defined in the following manner-

1.      Situational leadership model- with the help of this the leader is
able to get the guidance in which direction he need to conduct his activities.
With the help of this the person in the firm are able to make the better
interaction (Jiang, Chuang and Chiao,  2015). With the help of this the leader is able to develop the good
understanding under differed situations.

2.      Star team leadership model- with the help of this the leader can
able to maintain the balance between the strength of individuals, in this they
give major consideration on the result.

3.      Focus leadership model-  in
this they give major focus over the development in the team. With the help of
this they are able to work in the effective manner (Frederiksen and Kato, 2017). They create the vision and make the team so that effective
working of the organisation can be possible.

4.      Trait leadership theory and model- In this it has been said that the
leader are not the person who born with this attitude. According to the Adjibolosoo, (2018)    has been said the leader
is the person who is having the capability to manage the each thing in the
effective manner.

CONCLUSION

            Hereby,
It has been concluded that the human resource management is the essential part
of the firm they need to conduct the each business activities in the
appropriate manner. With the help of their effective working the firm is able
to manage the overall working. This report has been covered the various kind of
the activities such are as various activities are need to be included such are
as key function of the human resource approach, recommendation in relation to
the recruitment and selection, approaches of the Human resource development and
the various theories of the motivation. The human resource management model is
very helpful in relation to have development in the people of the organization
and various resources available to them. his all function will be helpful in
managing the overall success of the firm. The main object of this assignment is
to managing success by dealing with this function so that firm is able to
enhance they profitability and productivity. This kind of the process will be
helpful in order to have enlargement in all the activities so that firm is able
to achieve desire goal of the enterprise. 

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