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Activity Sheet1.You are in charge of locating a nuclear power plant in a geologically sound area that is free of volcanoes and strong earthquakes. Using the maps from the lecture part of this activity and perhaps other sources at your disposal, pick one of the locations below for your nuclear power plant site. Explain your reasons for thinking that the location you chose is a geologically safe area in terms of plate tectonics.a.St. Louis, Missourib.Tallahassee, Floridac.Anchorage, Alaskad.Seattle, WashingtonThe location that I would place a nuclear reactor in Tallahassee Florida. When looking at the tectonic plates, Tallahassee is located near the middle of the North American Plate which puts it far away from any fault lines that could affect it. Not being near any faults allows it not to have the risk of being affected by earthquakes or volcano eruptions. Also, according to, the U.S. Geological Survey, when looking at a map of seismic activity in the U.S., Tallahassee has one of the lowest hazard rates of seismic activity in the entire country.2. Based on what you know about the relationship between earthquakes and plate boundaries, how does the history of large earthquakes in South Carolina fit with the plate boundary-earthquake relationship? Don’t forget to use the maps linked in the reading part of this activity to help you.The history of large earthquakes in South Carolina fits in with the plate boundary- earthquake theory because tectonic plates have collided and moved around the earth for billions of years,  and they have slowly broken up and recreated. A plate that was once a fault line or a mountain range may now just be hills. However, underneath the surface, the remains of the faults still exist and can be triggered when an earthquake occurs. These type of earthquakes are called intraplate earthquakes since they occur in the center of tectonic plates.3.Of the following 6 locations, which 3 locations are possibly excellent locations for geothermal power plants? Explain why you chose them.A. Buenos Aires, ArgentinaB. Hokkaido, JapanC. IcelandD. New YorkE. East AfricaF. Moscow, RussiaThe following six areas that are possibly excellent locations for geothermal power plants are Iceland; Hokkaido, Japan; and East Africa. These three locations are the best for geothermal power plants because all three are located on or near fault lines. These fault lines contain many volcanoes and can release geothermal energy. Iceland is already a well-known country for producing most of its countries power with geothermal energy, and Japan is located right next to the “ring of fire.” East Africa is located on the East African Rift System which has a high potential for geothermal energy.4. The Andes Mountains of South America were formed as part of the process of oceanic crust sliding underneath continental crust. The volcanic islands that compose Japan were produced by oceanic crust of one tectonic plate sliding underneath the oceanic crust of another tectonic plate. The Himalayans of southern Asia are the highest mountains in the world and are still growing. Answer the following questions: (The Shockwave activity found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/tectonics/# can be helpful in determining your answers.)a. What is happening to cause the tremendous Himalayan orogeny (i.e. mountain building)?The tremendous Himalayan orogeny is occurring as a result of the collision between the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate. Around 225 million years ago, the Indian Plate started to move North and 40 to 50 million years ago it collided with the Eurasian Plate which has lead to the mountain building process that occurs to this day. Today, the Himalayas continue to grow by more than one centimeter a year.b. What tectonic plates are involved, and what is the nature of the plate boundary between these plates?The tectonic plates that are involved are the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate. The plate boundary between the two is a convergent boundary where the two plates have collided with each other and cause both to extend up and create a mountain range. The rate of growth by the mountain range has slowed since the Eurasian Plate has started to stretch out rather than stretch up.5. Many people around the world live near plate boundaries because of soil fertility. What logical reason explains why soil tends to be quite fertile near plate boundaries?Soil tends to be quite fertile near plate boundaries because this is the location where volcanoes are and after a volcanic eruption, many minerals are spewed into the environment and fertile volcanic soil is laid down. After lava from a volcano cools and hardens, weathering of the lava produces highly fertile soil. An example is in southern Italy where farmers grow on the fertile soil produced from eruptions by Mount Vesuvius. Without the volcanic soil, many environments may not have been able to be cultivated.6.In 1977, Dr. Robert Ballard, who also discovered the resting place of the Titanic, discovered a strange and bountiful world of life in the deep Pacific Ocean near the Galapagos Islands. The life was near hydrothermal vents whereby water was superheated by magma (i.e. molten rock) near the surface of the ocean floor. It came quite as a surprise to many biologists, who thought that life in the deep ocean was rather scarce. It is now assumed that life can be found anywhere on the deep ocean floor wherever there is heat and hydrogen sulfide, which, interestingly, is the base of the food chain of these light-deprived communities.Using the information above, let us now play make-believe. Let us pretend that you are captain of a ship transporting plutonium across the Atlantic Ocean to supply a European country with fuel for nuclear power plants. Just after you leave the east coast of the United States, your ship is hijacked by pirates who plan to take the plutonium to another country across the Atlantic for the purpose of making nuclear weapons; therefore, as captain, you must make a decision to save the world, so, you consider dumping the plutonium in the ocean as the lesser of two evils rather than it be delivered for criminal bomb-making. Now, you must decide where in the Atlantic to dump the plutonium. You want to dump it where there is the least likelihood of bountiful life, and you know there is perhaps plentiful life where there are hydrothermal events near where the ocean crust is rather thin and magma is near the ocean floor.Here’s the question: Would you dump the plutonium-a. 1?4 or 3?4 of the way across the Atlantic from the US east coastorb. 1?2 of the way across the Atlantic at about the midline of the Atlantic Ocean?I would dump the plutonium ¼ or ¾ across the Atlantic Ocean from the U.S. east coast. At this, distance, it is unlikely that any humans could be affected by the plutonium and relatively few sea life lives in this area as compared to option B. If I had taken option B, I would be dumping the plutonium of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge which has many many hydrothermal events along the fault line. Here the plutonium would have many more negative effects on countless amounts of sea life that live near the vents for survival.

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