CHAPTER survey among the staff will be conducted

CHAPTER FOUR: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

4.1
Exploratory Study Research

The
concept used in this study is based on exploratory study on waqf framework by
IIUM Endowment Fund (IEF). The exploratory concept seems relevant to the area
of study that rarely discussed from different perspective for example the study
from different objective while there is a lot study at the same demography.

This study is to explore the waqf framework model used by IEF for its selected waqf products. While this is in
progress, this paper will explain how the model works in reality through
several diagram and explanation. Then a survey among the staff will be
conducted to test their awareness of the current waqf concept used in the framework
and operation practiced and gaining more information to answer the first
research objective.

Related to that, this study also in accordance with the
second research objectives will explore the contributions (collection and
disbursement made by waqf product in 2016) done through the waqf model applied.
As the general maqasid (objectives)
of waqf in Islam to serve the public
need, IEF has its own objectives that should not contradict with that. However,
IEF will specifically serve IIUM and the needy in IIUM rather than the public
in general as it has its own objective which is bounded by IIUM thus it only
serves just for the IIUM students. A brief review has been done that the
primary target for the benefit of waqf of IEF is the IIUM students itself. This
study is exploring further to know the extent of IEF’s contribution through
waqf. In short, this study shall come out the collection and distribution of
funds including the waqf base project/program. Again a survey should be carry
out to confirm the staff’s awareness of the achievement done so far from the
staff perspective.

Lastly, either the IEF successfully or not to
achieve its objectives to serve the targeted Al-mawquf ‘alaih (the receiver or user of waqf benefit), this study would like to identify the key factors
that give such event or in another term is that, why it was happened? Then,
based from that point, the study will put an effort to know what kind of
solution that IEF has taken. Such the information needed is only can be done by
a survey to test IEF achievement from the staff perspective.

4.2
Methods

4.2.1
Primary Data

 

a) Interview

For the purpose to collect the
relevant information, several methods are identified. Firstly, as the author is
the IIUM Master student and the research will be done in IIUM, the method of
interview can be conducted at any time in office hours. In order to ensure the
availability of staff there and the IEF office, there was a request done early
so that, this research can be started smoothly at the first place. IEF allows
the interview session for the purpose of this research.

 

b) Questionnaire

Information from the questionnaire
is among the best data and source that can be analyze and it produces validated
result. (Black 1999) indicated that the data is useful for right decision
making.

The questions designed
at the first stage will focus on waqf knowledge among the relevant respondents
which are the staff of IIUM mainly at the main campus IEF unit and the Finance
Division are the important respondents that deals with the funds of waqf
projects.. In the IIUM organizational chart as per May 2017 indicated that IEF
is still reporting their activities to Finance Division of IIUM thus this make
the staff of Finance Division is relevant to be surveyed. Then, the question
designed will reach the objectives of this study from the perspective of the
staff.

 

4.2.2
Secondary Data

a) Non-published Document of IEF

The author tried to collect written
information from IEF either physical documents or softcopy. Again, from IEF
response, the author is allowed to get the information needed, but IEF through
the email stated that, any ??information that classified as confidential
information is unallowable. However, it is believed that, they will cooperate
since the fast response they gave to the author earlier and the support from
IEF’s Covering Director himself. According to him, he asked the author to list
the information that this study needs and he and the office will try provide
it.

 

b) Website of IEF

One of the easiest way obtaining
information, it can be extracted from IEF portal website and this can be done
directly. The information is publically published through IIUM official portal
website where everyone has access for it anytime. However, although the
information provided there are a lot but it is repetitive and still not enough
to support completely the study of IEF. For example, there is information
regarding the type of product of IEF such as waqf and Dewan Zabedah. The
information given such as the definition of waqf
and explanation, type of waqf, and
profile of Dewan Zabedah. This study needs to know the model used on waqf, the application in form of modus
operandi chart or any possible information that is not directly provide in
public.

Those above are the methods of gaining information
which most of it directly taken from IEF itself with several outside resources.
One way of extracting the data is in form of primary data such as interview, document
in the IEF office. In addition, the other way called secondary data can be
taken through IEF’s published documents either form its website, annual report,
assets profile and other forms. The outside resources can be done through
literature review the research paper and published article those are related to
IEF

 

4.3 Sampling

In
according with Roscoe (1975) and mentioned again by Sekaran (2003), there are
several criteria in determining the sample size for appropriate study should be
larger than 30 and less than 500 respondents. 
Again Sekaran (2003) mentioned that “In multivariate research (including
multiple regression analyses), the sample size should be several times (preferably
10 times or more) as large as the number of variables in the study”

This research will put an effort to gather more than
100 respondents consist of IEF staff, staff from Finance Division and IIUM main
campus staff.

 

4.4 Analysis of
Data

The
data from the interview, website and annual report will be explained first for
the better understanding on IEF framework and contribution then the result of
the survey will be analyzed to strengthen the information from the staff perspective
and awareness.

4.4.1 Descriptive
Statistics

According
to Citations, References & Layout Formatting Unit of IIUM (2017), it
indicates that “the descriptive statistics is describing the data after
analyzing and summarizing it which is later simplified by presenting them in
tabular format, graphs or charts”.

4.4.2 ANOVA and
T-test

Analysis of variance
called ANOVA purposely being used in common research based on the survey to
compare more than two groups whilst t-test is used to compare between two
groups of data. Adams et al. (2007) pointed out that unequal variance for
t-test is used if the total of ratios between two standard 

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