Ethical people who help to ensure the safety

Ethical
considerations in research are playing important role in decision making between
choice and action for the right and wrong action.  It determines the
difference between acceptable and unacceptable situations. Ethical
standards will prevent against the fabrication or falsifying of data and
therefore, promote the pursuit of knowledge and truth which is the primary goal
of research.  Ethical behavior is also critical for collaborative work
because it encourages an environment of trust, accountability, and mutual
respect among researchers.  This is important when considering issues
related to data sharing, co-authorship, copyright guidelines, confidentiality,
and many other issues, in order for the public to support and believe in the
research.  Other guidelines such as human rights, animal welfare, compliance
with the law, conflicts of interest, safety and health standards and so forth,
must be followed by the researcher.  These ethical issues are greatly impact
the integrity of the research project and affected the chances to receive
funding if researcher cannot achieve this requirement.

Ethical considerations
are so important in research, so that many professional associations and
agencies have adopted codes and policies for the outline of ethical behavior
and guide researchers.  The examples of codes address issues is honesty,
objectivity, respect for intellectual property, social responsibility,
confidentiality, non-discrimination and many others.  It provides basic
guidelines foe researcher. However, there are additional issues will be facing
out and specifically addressed during this work and this will require
decision-making of the researcher in order to avoid misconduct.  The resource
on this page address includes many of those issues in researching project. Examples,
the case studies project will used in these resources provide excellent
examples of these types of issues. 

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The
most important ethical considerations in research are the use of human
subjects.  To address these considerations, most institutions and
organizations have developed an Institutional Review Board (IRB).  An IRB
is a panel of people who help to ensure the safety of human subjects in
research and who can assist in making sure that human rights are not
violated.  They review the research methodology in grant proposals to
assure that ethical practices are being utilized.  The use of an IRB also
helps to protect the institution and the researchers against potential legal
implications from any behavior that may be deemed unethical. It make the
project be easier to conduct and collecting the data by the researcher.

Examples
of some of these issues include voluntary participation and informed
consent.   The voluntary participation requires that
people not be coerced into participating in research. It required of informed consent whereby participants must be fully
informed about the procedures and risks involved in research and they must give
their consent to participate. The risk of cause harm can be
defined as both physical and psychological aspect.  Ethical standards also protect the
confidentiality and anonymity of the subjects. Good
research practice often requires the use of a no-treatment control group which
there is a group of participants
who do not get the treatment
or program that is being studied. But when that treatment or program may have beneficial effects, the
persons assigned to the no-treatment control may feel of their rights to equal
access to services are being curtailed.
 

 

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