Human product, the rest fall into waste. In

Human society is in a process
of constant consumption and production of the waste all over the years. Furthermore,
every time, as industry and technology develop, more amounts of waste appear on
the entire planet. If those amounts were not disposed of in a timely manner,
the planet would have been piled high with a many-kilometre layer of them for a
long time. Over the past 100 years, humanity has more than 1000 times increased
energy consumption, while simultaneously increasing the volume of industrial
and agricultural products. That, in turn, has led to an increase in the amount
of waste. Each per inhabitant in industrialized countries annually produces
about 30 tons of natural resources, of which only 2-5% of them are recruited
into the form of the product, the rest fall into waste. In cities with a
population of about 20 thousand people, about 64 tons of waste accumulates over
the course of the day, which overflows landfills and special polygons. The
amount of solid household waste (SHW) annually increases by 3-6%, which
significantly exceeds the growth rate of the Earth’s population. The volume of
industrial waste in the world doubles every 15 years with a tendency to further
reduce this term. Therefore, the problem of waste management has a global
character and its solution is relevant to the overall civilization development.
The solution to the problem of accumulation of waste is impossible without
conducting relevant research, which, in turn, requires the search for its
interconnections with economic development. This determines the relevance of
the chosen topic of research.

One of the main causes of the
problem of environmental protection, economic development and public health in
Ukraine is the one of the main reasons for the low level of waste utilization
for recycling. Because of the volumes of accumulated waste in Ukraine, it can
be attributed to one of the most technologically-loaded countries in the world.
In the waste management experience, Ukraine has lagged behind developed
European countries for several decades. This is confirmed by the fact that the
total annual accumulation of waste from the population in Ukraine is about 45.8
million more than the corresponding aggregate indicators of Western European
countries with a population of about 400 million in 3-3.5 times.

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According to various data, the
level of processing of solid waste in Ukraine varies from 3 to 8%, while for
the European Union it accounts for up to 60% of solid waste. At the same time,
more than 90% of solid waste is directed to landfills and unauthorized
landfills. According to official estimates, about 6,700 landfills and landfills
are occupied by 10,000 hectares of land, although unofficial figures may even
be higher. The deterioration of the environment due to uncontrolled emissions
to the natural environment of human waste is directly related to economic
growth and increase in the level of consumption of the population. The
realities are that only after it becomes clear that the environment no longer
meets the desired parameters of life, measures to improve the state of the
environment are beginning to be implemented. In the ecological economy, it is
customary to consider the relationship between economic growth and the state of
the environment with the help of the Kuznets environmental curve (EKC). The
theory of EKC suggests that at low incomes per capita little attention is paid
to the quality of the environment, and the use of resources is inefficient and
low efficiency. Subsequently, when improving the economic situation in society,
attention is increasingly given to health and environmental issues. Proceeding
from this, there is a need for a more thorough scientific analysis of the
interrelationships between income and environmental pollution, taking into
account the assimilation potential of natural systems.

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