In scores, it determines how successful educators were

            In the state of
North Carolina science End of Grade (EOG) testing is done in fifth and eighth
grade. EOG’s allows for educators to measure how much information students
retained during the year in a specific content area. The scores obtained at the
end of testing becomes useful in teacher, school, and district accountability.
Based on the scores, it determines how successful educators were throughout the
year.

Standardized
Testing and Accountability

            To become a valued
educator in your specific subject area having the support is what can effectively
help an educator become successful while teaching NC Essential Standards in
Science. The Department of Public Instruction has made it a primary focus to
support educators as they go through thee transition. North Carolina has
developed several professional developments geared to assist with training
teachers in the rigorous, hands-on teaching modeled though NGSS. There are many
states including North Carolina with a shortage in teachers in science and STEM
content area. To increase numbers, NC has prepared a free alternative licensing
program for educators interested in working science and STEM education. The
North Carolina STEM teacher education program allows science related bachelor
degree holding individuals to complete the program with a commitment to teach
in the state of North Carolina. Preparing educators with the outlined
professional development will allow teachers to become equipped with the
knowledge of how to prepare students for the EOG’s needed to get to the next
grade level.  

Teacher
Preparation and Development

            As an educator,
delivering rigorous coursework allows for students to understand the importance
of the job we as teachers must endure. Science education emphasizes on student’s
prior knowledge in core scientific content and prepares student to use critical
thinking skills, how to investigate a problem, and using evidence to work
through a problem. The changes of NC essential standards played positive influential
rigor of science content. NCDPI website breaks down
the percentage of specific standards covered on the End of Grade standardize test.
The percentage then allows educator to monitor the amount of coverage needed on
specific standards for proficiency and mastery level on the EOG.

Rigor
of Standards

            In
2004, NC SCOS were broken down into goals, objectives, and text of objectives. Essential
Standards adopted in 2009, are broken down further to assist educators the
proper order on how to deliver the content. This change allows educator to
prepare material that enhance on prior knowledge. The new adoption has been in
place for the past five years to improve testing objectives.

The following adoption
included content break down of physical science, earth science, and life
science. Fifth Grade Science 2009-2004 Crosswalk (2009) presented the following
standards, 5.P.1 Physical Science: Forces and Motion: Understand force, motion
and the relationship between them. 5.P.2 Physical Science: Matter: Properties
and Change: Understand the interaction of matter and energy and the changes
that occur. 5.P.3 Physical Science: Energy: Explain how the properties of some
materials change as a result of heating and cooling. 5.E.1 Earth Science: Earth
Systems, Structures, and Processes: Understand weather patterns and phenomena,
making connections to the weather in a particular place and time.5. L.1 Life
Science: Structure and Function of Living Organisms: Understand how structures
of organisms perform functions necessary for life. 5.L.2 Life Science:
Ecosystem: Understand the interdependence of plants animals with their
ecosystem. 5.L.3 Life Science: Evolution and Ecology: Understand why organisms
differ from or similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the
organism.

            In 2004, North
Carolina used Science Standard Course of Study (NC SCOS) as the course of
action for educators during instruction. Adoption of new standards came about
in the year 2009 and was renamed Science Essential Standards.  Essential
Standards were designed for grade level K-8 and based on courses taken in high school.
North Carolina (n.d) stated in February 2010, North Carolina geared the new
essential standards to be like Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).  

Adoption
of New Standards

            North
Carolina State board of Education released a new science extended content
standard in March 2011 based on North Carolina Common Core and State Essential Standards
that took place the following school year 2012-2013. North Carolina course of
study is used to implement the appropriate content for all grade levels. Those
standards put into are used to identify what students should know and what
students can do. NC Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) introduced the
Standard Course of Study as a support for NC educators by providing challenging
educational instruction to prepare students to become career and college ready.

Academic
Standard Changes

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