In the problem was with the way India

In the book, Hind
Swaraj, Gandhi’s overall and  major
arguments consist of two main points. One being his view towards modernization
and resistance. The second being his feelings regarding the British rule of
India. Gandhi spoke against the British rule over India because he believed
that India should be governed in a traditional way, which should follow Indian
ethics and policies but due to the British rule, that was not happening and he
strongly believed in the term “self-rule” which he spoke about as well. Nothing
would change if an Indian individual was governing instead and was still
following the same procedures as a British individual. Gandhi was persistent on
the fact that the problem was with the way India was being governed at that
time and that is what he tried to advocate for. His way to approach the
situation was however different from the way many individuals would resort to.
He strongly believed in nonviolence, therefore he spent large portions of his book
talking about how violence is wrong, and against the Indian way of life.
Usually when an individual does not get their way they get angry and adopt
violence as a means to get what they want but Gandhi remained calm all the way
through because he firmly believed that a person of god is someone who does use
violence but rather promotes love. His struggle to achieve self-rule was tough
but he fought hard to reach his goal 
without the use of violence so that India can be free again.

Gandhi uses numerous
literary styles and techniques that makes his writing persuasive which
convinces the reader on his case. One technique I have observed that Gandhi
used throughout the book was the way that it was written; in a dialogue. It is
written as a reader and an editor communicating with one another. I think this
was a unique and interesting way to compose a book compared to how most books
are written which in my opinion, tend to get boring. In Hind Swaraj, the reader would ask a question or place a strong
opinion and the editor would answer it in a way where they would attempt to
change the reader’s mind, for instance; “READER:.. India, it is also where
there are hundreds of child widows, where two-years olds are married, where
twelve years old girls are mothers and housewives, where.. EDITOR:.. Attempts
have always been made, and always will be made to remove them.”(Gandhi,69) This
way any questions the reader has are being explained and answered as they read
on. I thought it was a very clever way to persuade the audience. Another
technique I thought worked very effectively would be that of Gandhi’s numerous
letters he had written that were included in the book. The letters were very
personal and educates the readers of what Gandhi was trying to attain from
writing these letters. In one of the letters, Gandhi wrote to Nehru, he states
that “..without truth and non-violence there can be nothing but destruction for
humanity.”(Gandhi,143)

Gandhi wrote what he did
in his book because of what he experienced first-hand in his own life. He faced
discrimination in many places, and individuals treated him harshly. I’m an
Indian and my father wears a turban, being asked to take a turban off is not
only extremely disrespectful but it is impolite and uncivil because a turban is
not just a piece of clothing it is an Indians honor. Gandhi was asked to take
his turban off in a courtroom, in front of everyone. He was asked to get off of
a train to check his bags because of a piece of article he was wearing on his
head. The lack of respect he received was just cruel.  When he saw what was happening in India he
wanted to use the education he had to help and change all that was wrong but he
fought in a different way than how he was treated because he knew that it was
not right to use violence or to lie to achieve his goal. He composed this book
to educate and inform society of what he believed in and also that India would
not be in such a prison ever again.

 

 

 

 

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

 Gandhi. Parel, Anthony. hind swaraj and other writings, Cambridge
University Pres, 2010.

 

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