Ricardo Neftali’s talent by giving him books and

Ricardo Eliezer
Neftali Reyes y Basoalto, commonly known under the pseudonym of
Pablo Neruda, which he adopted in memory of the Czechoslovak poet Jan Neruda
(1834-1891), was regarded as the greatest poet writing in the Spanish language
in his lifetime; he was born on the 12th of July 1904, in the town of Parral,
in Chile – 2 months after he was born his mother died and soon after, him and
his father moved to Temuco. At a young age Neftali took a liking to writing and
literature however encouragement lacked at home; his father, who was a rail
worker, disapproved of his poetic interest. Neftali, however, received encouragement
from others, including the future Nobel Prize winner in literature Gabriela Mistral,
who was the headteacher of the local girls’ school in Temuco. Mistral encouraged
Neftali’s talent by giving him books and the support he lacked at home.

 As well as a poet Neruda was a diplomat involved
in the Spanish civil war. The
Spanish Civil War and the assassination of a friend, García Lorca, affected him
strongly and influenced him to join the Republican movement where he started
working on his collection of poems España
en el Corazón, published in 1937. His poetry during this period was
characterised by an orientation towards political and social matter writing
in eclectic styles like prose autobiography and political manifestos;
one example is Las Uvas y el Viento,
published in 1954, which in many ways is seen to be the account of Neruda’s
exile.

Neruda wrote a
multitude of poems exploring love and all its aspects: – falling in love,
making love, and the idea of love. His first collection of poems ,The Captain’s Verses, in its majority, was inspired
by Matilde Urrutia ,his third wife; his second anthology, 100 Love Sonnets, again was  dedicated to Urrutia. One
of his most renowned and original works was the series of love poems titled Veinte
poemas de amor y una canción desesperada translated as Twenty
Love Poems and a Song of Despair in 1924. His extreme candor in Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair earned Neruda a reputation for his explicit and unhinged
expression of sexuality.

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