The because they want to avoid the summer

The topic of year-round schools is an ongoing debate that is currently being argued whether or not school without a summer break is beneficial to the district’s community or if the change would have major setbacks. You all probably have an opinion already, but before it is set in stone, here’s an indepth look at reasons why schools should not make the switch to year round schools. In the United States, there are about 3,181 year-round schools. Approximately, 10% of public school students attend year-round schools. If only 10% percent of the students who attend public schools go to year-round schools, the districts don’t have enough reason to believe the switch is cultural. However, most readers have argued that schools should be year round, closer examination shows there is no conclusive evidence that the modified calendar improves academics, only few schools in the whole district switch, and this switch can get in the way of extracurricular activities.  Year-round schooling calendars reduces the long summer breaks with frequent breaks. According to the pie charts on NAYRE, the modified calendar has 45 days learning, 15 days off for fall break. Then, another 30 days learn with 3 days thanksgiving break. Then, there is a 15 day learning period and 15 days off for winter break. After, winter break there is another 45 days learn with 15 days off for spring break. After, spring break students learn for another 45 days with a 30 day summer break. The traditional calendar has a summer vacation of 12 weeks followed by an extended period for instructional days, with thanksgiving break being the first break. The winter holidays are followed by a 55 day learning period before a short spring break. Spring break is followed by a 40 instructional day time period before the end of the school year. There are even different types of year-round schools. According to Thought Co. “Single-track year-round education involves an entire school using the same calendar and getting the same holidays off. Multiple-track year-round education puts groups of students in school at different times with different vacations.”Schools should not make the switch to year-round schools because they do not boost learning. Both modified and traditional calendars have 180 school days. One of the biggest reasons why schools switch is because they want to avoid the summer slump but, new studies have been found that students in year-round schools don’t have better scores than their peers in traditional nine-month schools.  “‘We found that students in year-round schools learn more during the summer, when others are on vacation, but they seem to learn less than other children during the rest of the year,’ said von Hippel. The problem, von Hippel said, may be that year-round schools don’t actually add more school days to the school year. The total number of school days and vacation days are about the same for both systems – about 180.” (CTV News Paul von Hippel). Also Year-round schools don’t boost learning: study says they conducted a study called ‘Early Childhood Longitudinal Study’ the study showed test results comparing students from public schools and year-round schools. The article shows “Over a twelve-month period, average test score gains were less than 1 per cent larger in year-round than in nine month schools, which von Hippel called ‘an absolutely trivial difference.'” This study concludes that student academics don’t change between year-round schools and traditional schools. Districts/schools who decide to switch to year-round calendar system to increase their academic scores “it seems unlikely that those hopes will be realized.” Von Hippel said.The traditional calendar schedule shouldn’t change to a modified calendar because only a few schools in a whole district switch. According to Education Week: Year-Round Schooling Explained  “During the 2011-12 school year, about 4% of public schools were operating on a year-round schedule, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. That’s 3,700 schools, 400 of which are charter schools.” Also, if an entire district doesn’t switch then a family could have one kid at a year-round school and one at a traditional calendar. For example, if a family has one student attending a year-round middle school and another student going to a traditional high school. “If an entire district does not adopt a year-round calendar, parents could have students at different schools at different schedules” (NEA Reviews of the Research on Best Practices in Education). This would also be difficult to plan vacations with the limited same break the family could have.  Also, according to ThoughtCo. “With multi-tracking, parents could have students at the same school on different schedules.” This states that even if all students go to year-round schools, it can put families and students on different calendars depending on if the school is a single-track or multi-track school. These sources concludes schools should not switch to year-round schools. Switching to year-round schools causes extracurricular activities to suffer. According to ThoughtCo. “Band and other extracurricular programs can run into problems scheduling practice, competitions, which often take place during the summer months.” Also year-round schools presents disadvantages for activities that are not school related. “Students can’t take on summer camps or temporary jobs, which can be valuable learning experiences.” (Schools Without Summer Break: An In-Depth Look at Year-Round Schooling). Also Seattlepi says, “Extracurricular activities not only enhance a student’s school experience, but they can also help students boost their confidence, improve self-esteem and form important friendships.” These sources proves there are problems scheduling extracurricular activities in year-round schools and students miss out if they don’t get a rounded experience. Therefore schools should not make the switch. According to Education Week “At the same time, some districts that adopted year-round schedules in the past have changed course. The Los Angeles school district, which embraced year-round schooling as the city’s population boomed in the 1980s, had just one school that remained on a year-round schedule by 2015.” The Los Angeles school district realized year-round schools have too many disadvantages than advantages to keep the modified calendar.  In conclusion schools should not switch to year-round schools because studies have been inconclusive to its academic benefits, many families can have different student schedules, and the switch can get in the way of extracurricular activities.

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