The counter cyber-attacks, supervise its implementation and to

The topics in sight of the General
Assembly 1 are “Establishing Security Strategies for Countering Cyber Warfare in
Digital Age” and “Instituting Measures to Control and Monitor Illicit Flow of
Small Arms and Light Weapons. The assembly is entitled to make suggestions to
states regarding international issues within its capability. The Arab Republic
of Egypt   

                                        
i.           
Establishing
Security Strategies for Countering Cyber Warfare in Digital Age

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Over the last few decades, the
world has been witnessing constant development in the field of information and
telecommunication technologies. This development had been remarkable and eased
the communication system between nations and organizations around the globe.
However, this has led the security of valuable information over the network
into great threats of cyber-attacks which happen to be the root cause of a cyber-warfare.
The term cyber warfare refers to the attempt of demolishing other nation’s
information through the network, which is commonly perpetrated by a
nation-state or an international organization. Moreover, cyber warfare involves
hacking which is usually executed due to political disputes between two nations
or organizations. Furthermore, it leads to sabotaging missions and frequent
acts of espionage in the military and scientific sectors of other nations;
whose exposure to cyber-attacks may disrupt the international peace and
security.

 

The Arab Republic of Egypt believes
that cybercrime is a global violation and has a sensitive approach to this matter.
This discretion is predominantly due to the potential threat of
manipulation in the military forces over electronic devices. Since, the Arab
republic of Egypt has one of the largest armed military forces in the Middle
East; it is bound to take this dilemma very seriously.

 

As
of 2017, the Arab republic of Egypt ranks second out of all the Arab states in
the ITU Global Cyber Security Index and are also a member of the UN Government
Group of Experts (GGE) on cyber security. Furthermore, Egypt chaired the ITU
Working Group for Child Online Protection and also happens to be a founding
member of the Africa CERT. Since the establishment of Egypt’s High Council of Cyber-Security
(HCC) introduced by the former Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab. The
council’s core objectives has remained to counter cyber-attacks, supervise its
implementation and to keep the county’s strategy updated with the advanced
technology. The reason this council is created is to ensure and protect
Egyptian government’s banks and industries from cyber threats. Other than these
the Egyptian government has signed a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements on
cyber security cooperation.

  

Egypt condemns the use of cyber
warfare in this digital age and calls upon the committee to impose a law for
the betterment of the people’s security and to restrain any political action
from affecting an individual’s life.  

 

 

 

 

                      
ii.           
Instituting
Measures to Control and Monitor Illicit Flow of Small Arms and Light Weapons

Since the
evolution of small arms and light weapons, the nations didn’t just operate
these weapons in wars between states, but also at sub-national level. However,
the widespread trafficking of SALW has appeared
to cause destruction around the world and causes about half a million lives
each year. The Arab republic of Egypt believes that the illicit flow of SALW is
a major cause of massacre around the globe. 
If the illicit trade of SALW continues to remain unrestrained or uncontrolled, it will result in weakening
the civilization and damaging security and progression in areas around the
world. The extensive trafficking
of SALW has led us to a point that it’s really sad to say that children in some
parts of the world are using guns more than books! This is due to the low cost
and vast availability of these disastrous weapons in such areas.

By far the
most compelling priority on our collective effort to eradicate the illicit flow
of SALW is done by the African continent. The Arab republic of Egypt has suffered
a lot in the recent years due to the illicit trafficking of SALW.  As of November 24th 2017, The Arab
republic of Egypt has witnessed a devastating massacre on a Sufi mosque in northern Sinai. The death toll
has risen to 305, including 27 children and further 128 wounded. The attack was
executed using bombs and guns which indeed were acquired by the illicit trade
between organizations. Certainly this massacre is believed to be the deadliest
in Egypt’s present era, for what the president Abdul Fattah al-Sisi vowed to respond with “brute force” against the sinners. On the 23rd of July 2016, a
disguised North Korean ship was intercepted smuggling more than 30,000 PG-7 rocket-propelled
grenades (RPG) to Egypt. If it wasn’t intercepted at the right time, the trade
would definitely lead to wrongful utilization of these catastrophic weapons.
These are just few of the incidents of how the lives of innocents have been
affected and the potential threats regarding the illicit flow of SALW in Egypt.
 

The Arab Republic of Egypt has drafted laws regarding the
illicit flow of arms before it was even adopted in June 2001, in fact
considered a pioneer to this situation. The Egyptian law stipulates that every
SALW to be kept in strict and comprehensive records with a distinctive
delineated reference number in
order to trace these weapons in a rapid and easy process. The legal regulation relating to firearms control in Egypt is
Law No. 394 of 1954. The law restricts any possession of smooth-barrel guns, pistols,
and shotguns without an authorized license. Furthermore, without a permit
it is also illegal to manufacture, import, trade, or repair weapons, firearms,
and their ammunition according to Law No. 394. In
the year 2012, article 26 of the Law was amended to improve the regulations for
acquiring and dealing with unlicensed firearms and ammunition.  In the
same year a decree was created from the President regarding the temporary
amnesty program for possession of firearms by civilians without any license.

Every country has to play a very decent role to
eradicate this problem off every corner of the world. Furthermore, this can be
a very speculative issue and a potential root source for terrorist
organizations. Realizing that the elimination of
illicit arms trafficking would be illogical and impractical, we have to
regulate and limit the flow of it. The Arab republic of Egypt requests
the nations to step up and resolve this issue immediately by implementing
strict compliance regarding arms embargos established in areas of war and
conflict. Furthermore, the UN must make strong efforts in settling disputes
between nations and ask them to join shoulders and obey the principles of the
United Nations Charter as well as the right of people.

 

 

 

 

 

 POSITION PAPER FOR THE GENERAL
ASSEMBLY 1

The topics in sight of the General
Assembly 1 are “Establishing Security Strategies for Countering Cyber Warfare in
Digital Age” and “Instituting Measures to Control and Monitor Illicit Flow of
Small Arms and Light Weapons. The assembly is entitled to make suggestions to
states regarding international issues within its capability. The Arab Republic
of Egypt   

                                        
i.           
Establishing
Security Strategies for Countering Cyber Warfare in Digital Age

Over the last few decades, the
world has been witnessing constant development in the field of information and
telecommunication technologies. This development had been remarkable and eased
the communication system between nations and organizations around the globe.
However, this has led the security of valuable information over the network
into great threats of cyber-attacks which happen to be the root cause of a cyber-warfare.
The term cyber warfare refers to the attempt of demolishing other nation’s
information through the network, which is commonly perpetrated by a
nation-state or an international organization. Moreover, cyber warfare involves
hacking which is usually executed due to political disputes between two nations
or organizations. Furthermore, it leads to sabotaging missions and frequent
acts of espionage in the military and scientific sectors of other nations;
whose exposure to cyber-attacks may disrupt the international peace and
security.

 

The Arab Republic of Egypt believes
that cybercrime is a global violation and has a sensitive approach to this matter.
This discretion is predominantly due to the potential threat of
manipulation in the military forces over electronic devices. Since, the Arab
republic of Egypt has one of the largest armed military forces in the Middle
East; it is bound to take this dilemma very seriously.

 

As
of 2017, the Arab republic of Egypt ranks second out of all the Arab states in
the ITU Global Cyber Security Index and are also a member of the UN Government
Group of Experts (GGE) on cyber security. Furthermore, Egypt chaired the ITU
Working Group for Child Online Protection and also happens to be a founding
member of the Africa CERT. Since the establishment of Egypt’s High Council of Cyber-Security
(HCC) introduced by the former Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab. The
council’s core objectives has remained to counter cyber-attacks, supervise its
implementation and to keep the county’s strategy updated with the advanced
technology. The reason this council is created is to ensure and protect
Egyptian government’s banks and industries from cyber threats. Other than these
the Egyptian government has signed a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements on
cyber security cooperation.

  

Egypt condemns the use of cyber
warfare in this digital age and calls upon the committee to impose a law for
the betterment of the people’s security and to restrain any political action
from affecting an individual’s life.  

 

 

 

 

                      
ii.           
Instituting
Measures to Control and Monitor Illicit Flow of Small Arms and Light Weapons

Since the
evolution of small arms and light weapons, the nations didn’t just operate
these weapons in wars between states, but also at sub-national level. However,
the widespread trafficking of SALW has appeared
to cause destruction around the world and causes about half a million lives
each year. The Arab republic of Egypt believes that the illicit flow of SALW is
a major cause of massacre around the globe. 
If the illicit trade of SALW continues to remain unrestrained or uncontrolled, it will result in weakening
the civilization and damaging security and progression in areas around the
world. The extensive trafficking
of SALW has led us to a point that it’s really sad to say that children in some
parts of the world are using guns more than books! This is due to the low cost
and vast availability of these disastrous weapons in such areas.

By far the
most compelling priority on our collective effort to eradicate the illicit flow
of SALW is done by the African continent. The Arab republic of Egypt has suffered
a lot in the recent years due to the illicit trafficking of SALW.  As of November 24th 2017, The Arab
republic of Egypt has witnessed a devastating massacre on a Sufi mosque in northern Sinai. The death toll
has risen to 305, including 27 children and further 128 wounded. The attack was
executed using bombs and guns which indeed were acquired by the illicit trade
between organizations. Certainly this massacre is believed to be the deadliest
in Egypt’s present era, for what the president Abdul Fattah al-Sisi vowed to respond with “brute force” against the sinners. On the 23rd of July 2016, a
disguised North Korean ship was intercepted smuggling more than 30,000 PG-7 rocket-propelled
grenades (RPG) to Egypt. If it wasn’t intercepted at the right time, the trade
would definitely lead to wrongful utilization of these catastrophic weapons.
These are just few of the incidents of how the lives of innocents have been
affected and the potential threats regarding the illicit flow of SALW in Egypt.
 

The Arab Republic of Egypt has drafted laws regarding the
illicit flow of arms before it was even adopted in June 2001, in fact
considered a pioneer to this situation. The Egyptian law stipulates that every
SALW to be kept in strict and comprehensive records with a distinctive
delineated reference number in
order to trace these weapons in a rapid and easy process. The legal regulation relating to firearms control in Egypt is
Law No. 394 of 1954. The law restricts any possession of smooth-barrel guns, pistols,
and shotguns without an authorized license. Furthermore, without a permit
it is also illegal to manufacture, import, trade, or repair weapons, firearms,
and their ammunition according to Law No. 394. In
the year 2012, article 26 of the Law was amended to improve the regulations for
acquiring and dealing with unlicensed firearms and ammunition.  In the
same year a decree was created from the President regarding the temporary
amnesty program for possession of firearms by civilians without any license.

Every country has to play a very decent role to
eradicate this problem off every corner of the world. Furthermore, this can be
a very speculative issue and a potential root source for terrorist
organizations. Realizing that the elimination of
illicit arms trafficking would be illogical and impractical, we have to
regulate and limit the flow of it. The Arab republic of Egypt requests
the nations to step up and resolve this issue immediately by implementing
strict compliance regarding arms embargos established in areas of war and
conflict. Furthermore, the UN must make strong efforts in settling disputes
between nations and ask them to join shoulders and obey the principles of the
United Nations Charter as well as the right of people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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