The developed countries have experienced sudden expansion in

The
understanding of the level of urbanization or its scale in developing countries
is challenged by differences in the definition of urban and in turn, the lack
of reliable data. Furthermore, the process of urbanization is far from
homogenous across regions and swathes of territory that are wholly different in
terms of economy and political structures. Regarding Britain in 19th century,
where less mortality was once the favoured explanation for population growth,
it is generally held to be the increase in marriage and birth rate which caused
the explosion. In contrast and in my personal belief, although high birth rates
make the natural increase of the population an important source of city growth
in developing countries, the movement of people from rural to urban areas
within the country (internal migration) is the most significant factor
contributed to urban growth.

For developed countries like Britain, rapid
growth of the urban populations is an example of Industrial Revolution in which
economic growth happened parallel with industrialization. On the other hand, less
developed countries have experienced sudden expansion in urban population, but
without demonstrating significant economic progress.* In answer to this disproportionate relationship, Mike Davis outlines Global neoliberalism which prompted the
development of urban areas through foreign investment and capitalistic
industries relying on cities to function as a node in a worldwide capitalist
network. Western institutions neglected the rural regions and agricultural
industries and local governments ended up spending more repaying their debts to
these financial institutions than they were on public services like health and
education. As a result, previously subsistence agricultural land and state owned
enterprises became privatized. Small-scale producers lacked land, water, or
capital and general welfare. Subsequently, one could say that these
circumstances acted as push factors and with combination of pull factors people
moved to cities with a prospect of finding a job and better medical and
education services. *

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