The in nursing practice. According to the NMC

The
purpose of this essay is to discuss confidentiality in relation to the role of
nurse and to explore the definition of confidentiality in nursing
professionalism, followed by an introduction to the concepts of confidentiality
competent practice. The essay will talk about how it can be breach easily and
decision making in a confidentiality situation by giving examples to support
points. This essay will also focus on why confidentiality is vital in nursing
practice.

 

According
to the NMC Code (2015), the confidentiality is to keep patients’ medical and personal details private that is given
to the nurses. Healthcare workers should not be disclosed to the other people
unless the patient has given permission to healthcare workers for them to share
it with specific people that patient given agreement. Confidentiality is a
requirement that nurses cannot have an opportunity to practice. For example, if
a patient shares or ask confidential question to a nurse, nurse should keep
that as a confidential and should not share it with other people (Case study
12.2, Book: Law and Professional Issues in Nursing, 2008). In nursing
professionalism, confidentiality and honesty is the basis of trusting
relationship between the nurse and patient, as the clients have right to await
their personal details private. According to the NMC CODE (2015) states that a
registered nurse must respect people’s
right to confidentiality. Similarly, according to the Code of Ethics for Nurses
(ANA, 2001) states that confidentiality relates to the nurse’s role in
promoting and advocating for client’s rights related to privacy and
confidentiality. As nurses, confidentiality is their paramount vital
responsibility to understand the importance of it and keep every single
information private.

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In
addition, the professional duty of confidence there is legal obligation on
nurses to respect patients’ confidences. The law
relating to confidence is dealt with largely at common law. The obligation
arises out of a general duty on everyone to keep confidential information
secret (Prince Albert v Strange, 1849). Additionally, personal data need to be
protected against unauthorised and unlawful processing against accidental loss,
destruction or damage. Confidentiality can easily breach by other people over
the phone. However, confidentiality can easily breach by the other people. A
breach of confidentiality happens when information provided in confidence to
nurse or any other healthcare workers by a patient is disclosed to a third
person without patients’ consent. The purpose of the
disclosure of patients’ personal information, may cause personal or
professional problems, clients rely on nurses to keep their personal and
medical information confidential. Additionally, it is very rare for medical
reports to continue entirely sealed. For instance, the kind way of breaching
the confidentiality is when clinicians share the real medical information as a
case study. However, when these data advertised in the professional journals or
the nursing websites the personal detail of the patient is never revealed, it
should not be disclosed. On the other hand, if the journal has the personal
details of the patient, it should be eliminated. When the confidentiality
breaching in any way, clients have the right to sue. There are different laws
that relates to the confidentiality, which are Human Rights Act (1998), and
Data Protection Act (1998). According to the The Data Protection Act (1998), the
context of confidentiality requires processing to be fair and lawful, and
personal data to be processed for one or more specified and lawful purposes.

 

 

Furthermore,
nurses have an ethical duty to disclose in conditions that includes a
substantial risk of important harm to the health and safety of the patient. Decision making within the
realities of professionals practice is not always simple and there are times
when these requirements may conflict each other. Therefore, in these kind of
situations nurses uses a process of ethical decision making before disclosing
confidential detail. When it is possible, this process includes consulting with
well-informed colleagues. For instance, if a
patient Jehovah’s
Witness ad they do not believe in blood transfusion, they have right to refuse
such treatment even when their physician recommends it because as lawful it
comes under ethical decision-making. Nurses must give their patients
information about what their involvement will entail and clearly explain the
research project as a leaflet because they would not understand it by verbal
communication. Also a leaflet will help patient and is for patient to take away
to support them in their decision making. Private information for the administer in the
health professional extends beyond client medical details to broader
information systems that includes the organisation as a workplace. Moreover,
managing with the confidential detail within the health professional system
requires ethical awareness, knowledge and decision making skill. Managers in health professional, will be able to
negotiate resolutions to ethical dilemmas concerning confidential details when
they become familiar with the process of ethical decision-making, the issues
concerning confidentiality in the health care environment, and the moral
reasoning behind decisions to disclose information. Problems can be solved
through a process of sound reasoning and justification that accounts for
conflicting values and results in mutually acceptable outcomes.

 

In
conclusion, nurses
must understand and maintain the patients’ confidentiality as it is a vital
element in nursing profession also it contributes to caring, and forming trust
between nurse patient. Nurses also have to act within the boundaries of the law
and must be accountable for their actions. Confidentiality is taken extremely
serious in healthcare professional and the reason for it, it has been drawn.

Although it might be extremely difficult for a victim of a breach to secure
redress secure compensation within the courts, employers and professional
frames have no hesitancy to impose severe penalties upon a transgressor. Even
though it is equally clear that the duty of confidentiality is not absolute and
that disclosure of details might be defensible in certain situations.

 

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