The the crops one by one and which

The
traditional way of seed sowing takes more time and requires huge amount of
manpower, to reduce the soreness caused, implanting tools were introduced. An
implanter is a tool which is used for sowing seeds and planting crops and it is
operated by means of mechanisms. The implanter which is at present has a
drawback of depositing the crops one by one and which has to be done manually.

          To overcome the difficulty of
dropping the crops separately, a detailed research was made to fix the problem.
By introducing lining up mechanism in a plate, we can store certain number of
seeds or crops in the plate. The power is generated from the rotation of wheels
and it is transferred through the bevel gears to the plate. The plate is
rotated and the crop is pushed outside the plate one by one and dropped into
the implanter, by means of mechanisms.

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            Key Words

        Implanting tool

1.      Project Description:

Introduction:

More than half of India’s population is
dependent on agriculture either directly or indirectly. The farming involves in
multiples stages in order to harvest and obtain a crop. Some of the steps in
harvesting a crop are seed implanting, spraying, weeding etc. The farmers
should get updated with the modern technology in order to make most use of the
technology and yield more amount of crops.

        The
equipment has be developed in such a way that it should meet the food
requirements of

growing population and developing
industrialization. So the machines has to be discovered that can help the
farmers to save their time, money and increase the production rate. Here
usually most of the farmers implant the crops manually which involves in larger
use manpower and more time consuming. This problem is overcome with an
implanter is a tool considered to be used for seedling or implanting a crop. In
General, implanters are manually operated by making a impact with surface of
the agricultural field as shown in Fig. 1

        

Fig.
1 Seedling implanter

 Objective

·        
Time for implanting the seeds is
minimized.

·        
Implanting the two seeds and planting
simultaneously.

·        
This prototype is operated only by
mechanical operations and not to be motorized.

·        
Reduced manpower for implanting.

Relevant works reported
in literatures

·        
Pranil V. Savalakhe, Amit wandhre, Ashish
Sontakke,Bhushan Patil1 stated that solar power sowing machine is basically
works on vertical discontinuous principle which refers to the vertical movement
which can be followed by an individual body in an agricultural field and
implements its discontinuous action in relation to the horizontal line of work.

·        
Kyada 
A. R, patel D. B2 stated that as the seed implanting machine is
pushed, wheel is rotating which transmit power to plunger through chain and
sprocket mechanism. Now the cam is mounted on sprocket shift which push plunger
towards downward direction. Once plunger is penetrate in soil and during the
backward stoke flapper is opened so seed get separated from plunger and
inserted in the dig.

·        
Nagesh B. Adalinge, Ganesh B. Lavate,
Ragul R. Mane3 stated that the equipment is push forward by using handles.
Improved seed-cum-seed drills are provided with seed and seed boxes, metering
mechanism, forrow openers, covering devices, frame, ground drive system and
control for variation of seed and seed rates.

·        
Ms. Trupti A. Shinde, Dr. Jeyashree. S.
Awati4 stated that In each complete rotation of rotating Wheel there is seeds
falls from this seed drum and seed plantation process taken place smoothly and
without wastage of seeds. The sowing disc is rotate in the seed chamber, the
seeds are falls in the seed chamber through seed storage tank .The seed buckets
are collect the seeds from the chamber and it sow in the ground as required
depth with the help of plough.

·        
Pradeep Gorre, Deepan Leburu, Srinivas
Kopparthi, Navakishore Kayala5 stated that this project is to drive an
external dc servo motor for which the drill equipment and seed sowing equipment
is connected. Here, the motion of the robot is decided by using a black line
and the seed sowing equipment works at every successive node on the black line. 

·        
Prof. Abhijit G. Naik,
Prof. Amay Deorao Meshram, Prof. Siraj Y. sayyad6 stated that the prototype
is worked based on seed metering mechanism deliver
the seeds into the seed tube. . The feed roller and the feed cut-off device are
mounted a shaft, running through the feed cups. The fluted rollers which are
mounted at the bottom of the seed box, receive seeds into longitudinal grooves
and pass on to the seed tube through the holes provided for this purpose. By
shifting the fluted wheel sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the
seed can be increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed is controlled.

Literature summary

Citation
(author
& year )

Method

Highlights

Pranil
V. Savalakhe1

Experimentation

The vehicle is driven by the use of
solar powered. Mixed cropping can be easily done. Seed rate can also be
controlled.

Kyada  A. R 2

Experimentation
 
 
 

Seeds are implanted by means of mechanical Linkages.
Plunger mechanism is used to implant the seeds. The continuous displacement
of seeds is the main advantage.

Nagesh
B. Adalinge 3  

Experimentation

Here
the seeds are implanted by means of Metering mechanism with furrow opener. It
controls for variation of seed and seed rates. 
 

Ms.
Trupti A. Shinde 4

Product
development

The prototype is drive with the use of
battery. Ultrasonic sensors are used. When obstacle comes in front of machine
the ultrasonic sensor detect that obstacle and indicate the buzzer

Pradeep
Gorre 5

Product
development

Here, a DC servo motor equipped with a
driller is used to dig a hole and sow the seeds using a simple wheel
mechanism attached to that servo.

Prof. Abhijit G. Naik 6

Performance
analysis

Seed
metering mechanisms is used to implant seeds. Analyis is results both the
continuous and discontinuous seeding is done by this prototype and also machine used in any type of soil.

 

Overall
Summary

               The above literatures
clearly shows that seed implanting is done by the means of metering mechanism,
solar power or motorized. Hence this project is based on designing and
developing a new seedling tool only by the means of mechanisms. For the phase
one project work, finite element analysis for the frame of the product is done.

Methodology

Overall
methodology

1.      Brief literature surveys regarding pesticide
sprayer and implanter.

2.      Select
the type of pesticide sprayer.

3.      Identification
of problems pertaining to the selected type of pesticide sprayer.

4.      Selection
of suitable crop for the experiment.

5.      Selection
of suitable pesticides that are used in the agriculture field.

6.      Design
and modelling of the mechanically operated implanting tool and pesticide
sprayer.

7.      Design
and calculation for mechanical pump and belt.

8.      Finite
Element analysis (FEA) of both the frame and whole body of the vehicle.

9.      Selection
of optimized frame configuration.

10.  Fabrication
of the selected implanting tool and pesticide sprayer on the vehicle.

11.  Report
Generation

A
schematic representation of the overall methodology is shown in the Fig. 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                                                         
                              

Select the type of crop

Select type of pesticide and quantity

Survey of onion and potato crop implantation

Design calculation for frame, belt design calculation for mechanical
pump

Modeling of frame and seedling implanter

Analysis for frame

Fabrication

Report

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FEA ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

1.      Select
the type of element.

2.      Generate
coarse mesh for both the frame and set values created.

3.      Set
the boundary conditions for the beam and
the frame.

4.      Load
is applied on the frame, and value for Poisson ratio and young’s modulus of the
frame is setted.

5.      Von
mises stress is calculated.

6.      Maximum
deformation and stress value is calculated.

7.      Result
is noted.

A
schematic representation of the overall methodology is shown in the Fig. 4.2

MODEL

 

 

 

            MESHING

                                                                                                          

 

SET THE LOAD

APPLY BOUNDARY              CONDITIONS

SOLVING THE CONDITIONS

POST PROCESSING

RESULT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mechanism used in
implanter

              In
seedling implantation, it consists of a implanting tool to dig and to implant
the crop into the soil. In the vehicle, it has two implanter and those two
operated by means of the single sliding mechanism. The mechanism is used in the
vehicle, and lever 1is operates the flapper that opens to plant the onion.
Lever 2 used as brake.

Sliding crank mechanism

 

         The main operation takes place in the
mechanism is the conversion of rotating motion to reciprocating motion. The utilization
of the mechanism in this project is that the mechanism assist in digging the
implanting tool.

 

Lining up mechanism       

 

              The power for the mechanism is
obtained from the rotation of wheel. Initially the power is transmitted to
bevel gear from rotating wheel, the bevel gear converts the power to 90°, thus
the required power is obtained and lining up mechanism is done. It is used to
rotate and move the potato or onion into the implanting tool on a particular
timing.

 

FEA RESULT

The maximum stress,
strain, deformation was analysed and the results are noted.

DESCRIPTION

ANALISIS
RESULT

THEORETICAL
RESULT

LOAD

200 N

200 N

MAXIMUM
STRESS

185.68 N/ mm2
 

168 N/mm2

 

 

Conclusion and
discussion:

            Thus seed implanter and pesticide
sprayer has exceptional influence in agriculture.  By using this project one can spare less time
for seed implanting and additionally reduces the lot of labour cost. It is very
much useful for small scale farmers.

                      The maximum stress value
of vehicle frame is found out to be  
185.68

2 in ANSYS which is less than the yield
stress value and the design is said to be safe. Further the project is
processed to fabrication from analysis after knowing that the project design is
safe.

Scope of the project

·        
To implant two crops simultaneously by
means of mechanical linkages.

·        
Reduce the labor cost by using this implanter.

·        
Uniform distribution of seed implanting is
possible.

References

1 Prof. Prnil V. Sawalakhe, Amit
Wandhare, Ashish Sontake, Bhushan Patil, “Solar power seed sowing Machine” Global journal of advanced research,Vol-2,
pp- 712-717

2 Kyada, A. R, Patel, D. B,
“Design and development of manually operated seed planter machine” 5th
International Manufacturing Technology Design and Research Conference, December
2014, pp 591-597

3 Nagesh B. Adalinge, Ganesh B.
Lavate, Rahul R. Mane, “Design and Manufacturing of Seed Sowing Machine”,
International journal of advance research, ideas and innovations in technology,
Vol-3, pp-704-708

4 Ms.
Trupti A.Shinde, Dr. Jayashree. S. Awati, “Design and Development of Automatic Seed Sowing Machine” ,  SSRG International Journal of Electronics and
Communication Engineering, April 2017, pp 40-44

5 Pradeep Gorre, Deepan Leburu,
Srinivas Kopparthi, Navakishore Kayala, “Design and Implementation of Seed
Sowing Agricultural Robot”, International Journal of Scientific Engineering and
Research, Vol-3, March 2017, pp 75-78

6 Prof.
Abhijit G. Naik, Prof. Amay Deorao Meshram, 
Prof. Siraj Y. sayyad, “Design,
modeling and performance analysis of manually operated seed sowing machine”,
International Journal of Novel Research in Engineering, science and technology,
Vol-1, March 2016, pp 82-87

 

 

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